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What Is Diabetes Mellitus and How Is It Diagnosed and Treated?

Individuals with diabetes mellitus disorder have high blood sugar levels which are primarily caused by insufficient insulin production in their system. Common symptoms may cause patients to experience significant increased in urination and thirst. Significant weight loss  is also a common occurrence to individuals with the said disorder. Diabetes basically damages the individual’s nerves that cause sensation problems. It also affects the strength of blood vessels that increases chances of a stroke, heart attack, and kidney failure. Individuals with diabetes should follow a low carbohydrate and fat diet, do regular exercise, and will usually take medication to control their blood sugar levels.

Insulin Production

Blood sugar levels in the blood normally vary throughout the day. It usually rises after meals and go back to normal within 2 hours. Once the sugar levels in the blood normalizes insulin production also decrease. These variations in levels often range from 70 up to 110 milligrams per deciliter of blood for normal healthy people. Consuming large amounts of carbohydrates increases the levels more. Individuals aged 65 years and above often have higher blood sugar levels after eating.

Symptoms of Diabetes Mellitus

If an individual's body system can’t produce enough levels of insulin to help move glucose into cells, or if cells doesn’t anymore respond normally, the high glucose levels in the system’s blood and inadequate glucose levels reaching the cells lead to the complications and symptoms of diabetes mellitus. This is why individuals with such conditions need to control or totally avoid consumption of food with high sugar levels

Diabetes Diagnostic Test

Today, the World Health Organization (WHO) recommends the use of glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) as an accurate test for diabetes mellitus. HbA1c levels of about 48 mmol/Mol (6.5%) are considered as a reliable cutoff point in diagnosing the said condition. It is important to remember though that values lower than this doesn't automatically exclude diabetes, and using such glucose tests and other further tests and treatments is still recommended.

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These statements have not been evaluated by the FDA. These products are not intended to treat, diagnose, or cure any diseases.