Factors that Affect Our Basal Metabolic Rate
Metabolism is very much associated with our weight, age, health, and consequently, our looks. In the process of metabolism, food and beverages that goes down to the digestive track is broken down. Oxygen and the calories from them combine to release energy that fuels the body to perform its normal activities.
The body, when at rest, still requires energy for the stealth bodily functions like blood circulation, breathing, repair and growth of cells, and the balancing of hormonal levels. The basal metabolic rate or metabolism is characterized as the number of calories burned by the body for these basic body processes. There are several factors that affect the basal metabolic rate.
Generally, as we get older, the basal metabolic rate slows down. Metabolism peaks during teenage years up to our early twenties. This is why you will not feel much difference with your weight no matter how much dessert you indulge on during these times. Getting older involves losing muscle tissues. This is the reason why metabolism slows down.
Body composition and size
A bigger body requires more energy to function. People who have larger bodies are more likely to have larger organs and skin surface that needs to be maintained. Also, the composition of the body also affects the metabolic rate. Muscles require more energy to function than that of fats. With this, people who are fit tend to have more muscle mass and therefore, have higher basal metabolic rate.
Typically, men have higher metabolic rates than women. One aspect to consider is that men are usually bigger than women.
Aside from burning calories with the physical activities itself, this also develops more muscles in the body. Having more muscles increase the basal metabolic rate of the body.
There are certain substances from food that helpmaintain and regulate our metabolism. A diet deficient of iodine can cause your metabolism to slow down. On the other hand, B vitamins help regulate hormones and metabolism of our body.
Hormonal imbalances can also affect our basal metabolic rate. Hyper- and hypothyroidism can affect the metabolic process of the body. Polycystic ovarian syndrome, which is caused by hormonal imbalances, can also tend to slow down women’s metabolism.
Some factors that affect our metabolism that are uncontrollable. However, having a healthy diet that is rich in nutrients that help to regulate our metabolism is the way to go. Also, engaging in regular physical activities can help build muscles which can increase the basal metabolic rate.
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These statements have not been evaluated by the FDA. These products are not intended to treat, diagnose, or cure any diseases.