Polycystic ovarian syndrome, or PCOS, is a term which refers to the condition of hormonal disorder. With PCOS, the ovaries are forced to produce high amounts of androgen, which causes an imbalance in the number of other hormones such as estrogen and progesterone.
There are instances when the ovaries of people with PCOS become enlarged due to the presence of follicles which look like cysts. These cysts are the result of the disturbed ovulation that interrupts the normal maturation process of the eggs.
What Causes PCOS and What Are the Different Symptoms?
The exact reason why PCOS happens is still unknown, however, doctors pointed out that genetics play a role in the development of hormonal imbalance.
Another possible explanation is the overproduction of androgen - a male sex hormone which is also produced by women in small quantities. Individuals who are diagnosed with PCOS have higher than normal androgen levels in their bodies.
PCOS symptoms often appear after a woman starts her monthly period. The category and severity of the PCOS symptoms differ from one individual to another.
Since there is a significant increase in male hormones, women may develop certain male characteristics, which include:
- Thin hair
- Deeper voice
- Reduced breast size
- Too much hair on the face, stomach, and chest
Some women may experience different symptoms like acne, lumbar discomfort, weight gain, infertility, and even depression.
What Are the Possible Complications Caused by PCOS?
Women who are diagnosed with PCOS have a higher risk of developing the following conditions:
- Endometrial cancer
- Sleep apnea
- High cholesterol level
- High blood pressure
- Cardiovascular conditions
- Breast cancer
Those who become pregnant while suffering from the condition can be classified as high-risk and they need to be referred to doctors who handle such cases.
How is PCOS Diagnosed and What Are the Possible Treatments?
There is no conclusive test that can help diagnose PCOS and because of this, doctors have to look at the previous medical records of the patient. After examining the records, the physical and pelvic examination will be performed. A blood test can also be done to check the level of hormone in the blood.
There is no cure for this condition so PCOS treatment focuses on the management of the symptoms. For women who may be overweight, exercise and proper diet are the PCOS treatment for them.
Women suffering from PCOS who lose weight can bring back their hormones to its normal levels and their menstrual cycle will start to normalize.
Like all other conditions, PCOS responds positively to progressive lifestyle choices. When you exercise regularly and eat healthy food, you will not only lose weight but you can also reduce insulin resistance.
You can start by making small changes in your lifestyle and diet. You can try incorporating healthy supplements such as Organic & Kosher Freeze Dried PURE Acerola Cherry Capsules which are high in antioxidants that can help regulate and inhibit inflammation caused by PCOS.
These statements have not been evaluated by the FDA. These products are not intended to treat, diagnose, or cure any diseases.